Roads and Transport
Road is the main form of transport in the municipality. This implies that, the overall improvement of the road network, maintenance and rehabilitation will facilitate and lower transportation cost and integrates the municipality’s rural economy with the urban economy to reduce poverty. In general, the road network in the municipality can be described as fairly good.
The total length of paved and unpaved road in the municipality is 561 kilometers. The paved which comprises Asphalt and surface treatment is about 108 kilometers. This notwithstanding, there are specific areas that need urgent attention to reduce travel time. These include areas in Dome, Haatso, Taifa, New Ashongman, West Lands, Kwabenya, Musuko and Adenta West.
Others are Madina Township, Madina Zongo, North Logon, Sakora and Suncity areas among others. Culverts, drains and speed humps will also have to be provided in various communities to ensure linkages and easy access. Figure 5 gives the road network.
The construction of the Madina-Pantang junction portion of the Accra-Aburi trunk road is a major intervention that will facilitate economic activities in the municipality because of the linkages with other urban, peri-urban and rural communities. The Ayimensah-Otinibi feeder road needs urgent attention to facilitate the transportation of food crop from the area. Also, roads linking Abokobi and its surrounding areas need to be considered. Adenkrebi is almost isolated from the municipality due to poor accessibility. A road to link Adenkrabi to Teiman or ayimensa would seriously be considered.
It is worrying to note that the municipality has no modern lorry parks, not even in Madina. Drivers and the various transport Associations have taken advantage of the situation and established stations at unauthorized places, most of them by the road sides compounding the traffic situation especially in Madina, Dome and other areas. There are about forty-two (42) of such stations in the municipality. The Assembly will therefore have to take serious steps to construct lorry stations at well designated areas both in the urban and rural communities. The Assembly’s attempt to acquire the VRA park in Madina for the construction of a modern lorry station is now in a legal battle with the acclaimed land owners. Besides these, efforts will be made to construct bus stops in Madina township and streets lights provided to improve security.
Urban Passenger Transport Project
The Ga East Municipal Assembly is currently participating in the Urban Passenger Transport Projects. This is in line with the Second Schedule of the L.I. 1864 establishing GEMA, functions number 72 - 76 relate to issues concerning urban transportation in the assembly. It states that it is the duty of the Assembly to regulate the use and conduct of public vehicles and to regulate routes and parking places to be used by such vehicles. It further must appropriate particular routes, roads, streets and parking places to specified classes of traffic and when necessary provide the identification of licensed vehicles as defined in the Road Traffic Act.
There are also no proper data or records on the operators of public transport as well as their respective routes of operation in the Assembly. Most of the operators have not been registered and their activities are not harmonized to ensure an efficient service delivery. In view of these challenges, the Government of Ghana in collaboration with its development partners is implementing the Urban Transport Project (UTP). Subsequently, the Ga East Municipal Assembly (GEMA) has established the Urban Passenger Transport Unit (UPTU) to facilitate the implementation of interventions under the UTP and also manage all activities relating to urban transportation in the Assembly.
Components of the project
There are five main components within which the development interventions are to be prosecuted under the project, namely:
- Institutional Development
- Traffic Engineering, Management and Safety
- Development of a Bus Rapid Transit System.
- Integration of urban development planning and transport planning for better environmental management
- Monitoring and Evaluation
Key Messages The Project is Promoting
By Laws and procedures to govern/ regulate activities of Urban Passenger Transport Services (UPTS) in the Assembly. Orderliness, efficiency and effectiveness in the delivery of UPTS. Reduction of environmental pollution (GHG emissions) associated with UPTS To strengthen existing transport Unions to operate efficiently To increase economic gains of operators and commuters Activities for 2010.
- 1 Gazetting of the Urban Passenger Transport Services Bye-Laws
- Sensitization exercises on the Urban Passenger Transport Services Bye-Laws as well as demonstration of route registration procedures to be held for the operators.
- Training of Traffic and Transport Enforcement units in the Municipality (City Guards, MTTU officials, etc.) to ensure operators’ improved compliance to the Bye-Laws.
- Route Registration Exercise for the Urban Passenger Transport Operator Unions (GPRTU, PROTOA, Co-operatives, Tiger, etc) and the subsequent issuance of permits to operate the respective routes.
- Upgrading of Traffic Management systems on selected routes in Madina, Dome and Haatso (i.e. improvement of road conditions, improved road signalization, etc)
The municipality’s traditional market pattern continues to be skewed towards the south in Madina, Dome, Haatso and Taifa or the central business city of Accra. The rural areas to the north have no well established markets as stated in the previous plan. Madina is the major market center in the municipality with Haatso and Taifa playing complementary roles. Madina can boast of a market complex which provides services to traders in and around Madina. Dome however has the potential of rivaling Madina in terms of provision of these services.
The Madina market functions daily with Wednesdays and Saturdays as major market days. Items traded in these markets includes perishable and non-perishables like manufactured commodities, imported goods like cloth, utensils and a variety of spare parts. Other goods are cereals, livestock and second hand clothing.
The strategic location of these markets coupled with good accessibility has facilitated their growth leading to congestion and spill-off onto the near by roads. There are however some uncompleted market facilities at Madina New Road old road, Haatso and Taifa. These market needs to be completed to facilitate the decongestion of the Madina and Dome markets.
With the constant influx of people to these urban centers, waste is generated at an alarming rate which has become a matter of concern to the Municipal Assembly. Drains are chocked with filth and the roads are littered with refuse through the activities of petty traders including ice water sellers who transact their businesses along these roads. Issues that need to be addressed with regards to the Madina market include the following.
- Decongestion of the access roads which has been taken over by traders
- Removal of unauthorized structures within the market
- Prevent the used of the market sheds as warehouse
- Improve security in the markets
- Fabricate new gates to secure two entrances at the Madina market
- Prevent the use of open fire within the market
Cooperatives And Other Econimic Groupings
The importance of cooperatives and other economic groupings in the socio-economic development of the municipal cannot be overemphasized. Apart from providing relatively easy access to credit facilities, it provides economic interdependence and safety nets for its members. The municipal has about 30 co-operative societies and 20 women’s groups that are engaged in various economic activities and skills training for its members. There are also a number of market women’s associations, Drivers Associations, farmer groups, dressmakers and beauticians associations among others.
Much as these Associations are a potential source of revenue to the Assembly as well as providing income for its members and skills training, they are facing a lot of constraints and challenges that need to be addressed. These include but not limited to the following:
- Low educational background of members
- Poor networking
- Conflict of interest especially among transport Associations
- Inadequate access to credit facilities